“One of the most interesting characteristics of musicians is their need to precisely anticipate not only what is going to happen, but when.
As the reader anticipates the words whilst reading, so the musician anticipates another musician to play together.
Think for example of a string quartet. When the first violin “gives the signal” to begin, the delays of the rest of the group are all inferior to 10 milliseconds. Moreover, during the performance, their synchronisation improves.
This ability of anticipation and coordination is absolutely extraordinary, even more, if we consider that it’s not just about playing a note together, but also playing it appropriately, with the right expression which is also dependent on the changing context.”*
How does this happen?
Our auditory system is able to synchronise with the temporal structure of the music stimulus, due to its rhythm and regularity.
Not only this but also other areas of our brain synchronise with the music, especially our motor system.
A musician, to be able to play together, literally learn how to “read” other musicians during a performance, recognising their littlest movements, their way of breathing and feeling the sounds of music.
“It is important to remember that, despite the age, the practice of music seems to facilitate:
1. the creation of a coherent relationship between the external world and brain activity
2. the communication between the different brain regions.
The consequence of the first aspect is to allow a more precise interpretation of the outside world, in particular, the world of sound.
The consequence of the second aspect is more far-reaching, considering that cognition, in general, seems to depend on the good communication skills of different brain regions, like a good government requires parliamentarians to communicate well with each other.
Beyond our current knowledge, a corollary of these two aspects could be that the practice of music facilitates a common vision of the world around us, through a better synchronization of the brain activities of different individuals, and a better sharing of reality.”*
*D. Schön, “Il cervello musicale. Il mistero svelato di Orfeo”, Il Mulino 2018